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(Credit: Michael Stipe)


The Story Behind The Song: Exploring the tragic roots of R.E.M. hit track 'Shiny Happy People'

R.E.M. song ‘Shiny Happy People’ is a glorious juxtaposition that, despite the utterly joyous sound on the surface of the track, was actually born out of tragedy. The main lyric of the track of “shiny happy people holding hands” is dripping in irony and, actually, was forged as an covert political anthem.

On first listen, the song comes across as a light-hearted big pop track. In truth, that statement is a stark contrast to the type of song that the general public would associate with being of the R.E.M. mould, referencing the darker ‘Everybody Hurts’ or ‘Losing My Religion’ as prime examples. However, underneath the illuminated facade of ‘Shiny Happy People’ lay a serious message that needed to be heard.

The song was released in 1991, two years after the Tiananmen Square uprising when the Chinese government clamped down on student demonstrators, killing hundreds of people in the process in an event which has left a scar on humanity ever since. With the song using the phrase ‘Shiny Happy People‘, which they took from Chinese propaganda posters, there began an attempt to con the world into believing into a very different image of what was going on under the regime in the early 1990s.

Michael Stipe called this “a really fruity, kind of bubblegum song,” in an interview with The Quietus. He later admitted that he was a slightly embarrassed when it became a big hit because of its light-hearted sound on the surface, one which was not in line with the kind of artist he wanted to become. The song was even once considered to be the theme tune for hit television sitcom Friends which would have put the material on an even wilder trajectory.

“Many people’s idea of R.E.M, and me in particular, is very serious, with me being a very serious kind of poet,” Stipe maintained.” But I’m also actually quite funny—hey, my bandmates think so, my family thinks so, my boyfriend thinks so, so I must be. But that doesn’t always come through in the music. People have this idea of who I am probably because when I talk on camera, I’m working so hard to articulate my thoughts that I come across as very intense.”

The track was supposed to be poking fun at the idiocy of the Chinese regime who, at the time, were spreading continuous lies and the dark truth behind ‘Shiny Happy People’ was an uncomfortable one for Stipe as the song developed into a pop radio-friendly hit. What it had become was somehow representative of the propaganda that the Chinese government were sharing as people digested the positivity oozing out of the track which hid the uncomfortable reality.